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Eco Pond Rescue Research

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)

Florida DEP http://www.dep.state.fl.us - FULL TEXT

Water pollution degrades surface waters making them unsafe for drinking, fishing, swimming, and other activities. As authorized by the Clean Water Act, the Florida NPDES program controls water pollution by regulating point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of Florida. Point sources are discrete conveyances such as pipes or man-made ditches. Individual homes that are connected to a municipal system, use a septic system, or do not have a surface discharge do not need an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other facilities must obtain permits if their discharges go directly to surface waters. Since its introduction in 1972, the NPDES permit program is responsible for significant improvements to our Nation's water quality...


STREET SWEEPINGS, STORMWATER
SEDIMENTS AND CATCH BASIN SEDIMENTS

Department of Environmental Protection FULL TEXT

A significant source of nutrient input to water bodies is from grass clippings and leaves (yard debris) washed into drainage systems during storms. Brevard County Surface Water Improvement conducted a study to determine the nutrient release rates from grass clippings and leaves in order to better understand the chemistry and resultant pollutant loading mechanisms.


Sixty-gram samples of mixed freshly cut St. Augustine yard grass (Stenolaphrum secundalum) and oak leaves (Quercus sp.) were placed into opaque containers. Coarsely filtered storm/ditch water was added to fill the containers to the 8-liter marks. Samples were allowed to go anaerobic, typical of wet sump best management practice (BMP) structure conditions, and tested periodically after soaking and processing. At intervals of: 0, 1, 5, 9, 14, 22, 34, 50, 70, 130, and 180 days, triplicate bucket sets were agitated to simulate mixing from stormwater influx, then poured through a Number 35, US Standard Soil Sieve, and the liquid analyzed. The solids that remained in or on the sieve were analyzed, and the results compared to those of the corresponding liquid phase.

Pollutant Dynamics of Pond Muck

University of Central Florida - FULL TEXT

Historically, most research on stormwater ponds has focused on the movement of pollutants into and out of the pond. This is quite understandable, as knowledge about inputs and outputs of pollutants helps to estimate pollutant removal performance. An impressive amount of input/output monitoring data has been collected; nearly 65 pond monitoring studies have been conducted in the U.S. and Canada. Most of the monitoring studies have shown that stormwater ponds and wetlands are quite effective in trapping pollutants carried in urban stormwater. Much less is known, however, about the fate of stormwater pollutants once they are trapped in a pond. It is generally assumed that most of the pollutants eventually settle out to the pond bottom and form a muck layer. [The term muck layer is used here to distinguish

STORMWATER SEDIMENTS,
AND CATCH BASIN SEDIMENTS,
IN FLORIDA FOR DISPOSAL AND REUSE

Florida Department of Environmental Protection FULL TEXT

Street sweepings, stormwater pond sediments, and catch basin sediments samples were
collected from 20 different locations throughout Florida. The samples were analyzed for the
following chemical parameters: volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semi-volatile organic
compounds (SVOCs), pesticides, herbicides, metals, and leachable inorganic ions. The
analytical methods followed established U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)
methods and other standardized analytical procedures. Both the total concentrations (mg/kg) and
the leachable concentrations (mg/L) were measured. Results were compared to Florida
Department of Environmental Protection soil cleanup target levels (SCTLs) and groundwater
cleanup target levels (GWCTLs). Comparison to target levels is a standard practice when
evaluating risk to human health and the environment associated with the reuse or disposal of a
solid waste.


The results of metal concentrations of more than 300 total samples found that arsenic
concentrations in 105 samples exceeded the residential SCTLs for direct exposure (0.8 mg/kg).
All other metals typically fell below the analytical detection limits or were detectable but less
than the SCTLs. Metal leaching was evaluated using the synthetic precipitation leaching
procedure (SPLP). Metals in the majority of the SPLP extracts were found at concentrations less
than GWCTLs. For the most part, the total concentrations of organic compounds were not a
prevailing concern in regard to SCTLs for direct exposure. Organic leaching limits were
exceeded in only a few samples. Secondary water quality parameters were also examined in
several SPLP leachates, and aluminum, iron, and pH were found on occasion to exceed their
respective GWCTLs.

Florida Surface Water Quality Criteria

Florida Legislature 62-302.530

Surface water criteria for the State of Florida. Includes Fresh and Marine water classifictions.

FULL TEXT

 
   
   

 

 

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